DEPARTAMENTO DE FÍSICA

 

Instrumentation for Radiation Physics - F+EF

Ano letivo: 2014-2015
Specification sheet

Specific details
course codecycle os studiesacademic semestercredits ECTSteaching language
2003144116pt *)

*) N.B.  if there are students who do not speak Portuguese the language is English.

Learning goals
Theoretical understanding of physical phenomena. Ability to learn. Ability to solve problems and apply knowledge in practice. Ability to search for and use references. In particular, students should learn how to: - Understand the physical processes underlying spectrometry and dosimetry; - Participate in the development or implementation of radiation detectors; - Critically analyze the new advances in radiation detection technologies .
Syllabus
1- Interaction of radiation with matter; dosimetry.
2- The build-up of signals in radiation detectors: relevant theorems; electronic treatment of these signals: shaping, front-end electronics and digitalisation.
3- Light detectors; photomultipliers and photodiodes.
4- Detection of non-ionising radiation: NMR as an example - principles (Bloch equations) and applications (spectroscopy and imaging).
5 Detectors of ionising radiation - principles, characteristics and applications:
- gas detectors (ionisation chamber; proportional counter and MWPC, microstructure detectors; new designs: detectors using primary and secondary radiation;
- scintillators (organic and inorganic; new scintillation crystals);
- semicondutor detectors (from diode to matrices; CCDS, APDs).
6- Neutron detectors.
7- Integration of radiation detectors in systems used in:
- Particle Physics
- Medical Imaging
Prerequisites
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis;
. Competence to solve problems;
. Competence in working in interdisciplinary teams;
. Critical thinking;
. Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice;
. Competence in organization and planning;
. Competence in information management;
. Competence to communicate with people who are not experts in the field;
. Adaptability to new situations;
. Self-criticism and self-evaluation;
(by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
lectures30
laboratory classes30
total of teaching hours60

Assessment
Laboratory or field work40 %
Synthesis work thesis30 %
Assessment Tests30 %
Exam30 %

Bibliography of reference
G.F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2000 K. Krane, Introductory Nulcear Physics, John Wiley and Sons, 1987
Teaching method
Two Lectures per week. Laboratory classes with two hours of classroom. The experimental works address the physical measurements (atomic physics, nuclear, cosmic radiation and medical physics) using several types of detectors. Rating based on: - Experimental work involving the preparation and implementation of measures, analysis of data collected and presentation of results and conclusions; - Job summary: study of a detection system for Particle Physics or Medicine to be held by each student under the guidance of the teacher, involving quantitative aspects.
Resources used

Laboratório de Física Nuclear