|course code||cycle os studies||academic semester||credits ECTS||teaching language|
Deepening of the knowledge in an essential field of Physics: electromagnetism.
Ability to search and use bibliography, organizing a consistent amount of information regarding the mentioned field.
Ability to solve problems, including the development of mathematical competences appropriate for this purpose.
Ability to implement and interpret the simple experiments concerning the contents of the curricular unit.
Contribution to the growth of general culture regarding Physics; motivating for the study of other fields related to electromagnetism and, especially, for the knowledge of multiple applications of electromagnetism to modern societies.
1. Electrostatic field: application of Gauss’s Law; relation between electric field and electric potential; local equations of the electrostatic field and boundary conditions. Poisson and Laplace equations for the electrical potential. Stored energy in the electrical field.
2. Dielectric media: fields in dielectric media; classification of the dielectrics.
3. Magnetic induction field: Ampère’s Law. Magnetic flux and Gauss’s Law for the magnetic field. Local equations and boundary conditions for the magnetic field. Mutual and self-inductance. Stored energy in the electrical field. Lorenz force and its applications.
4. Magnetism in material media: fields in magnetic media; behaviour of the various magnetic materials.
5. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday and Lenz’s Laws. Maxwell equations in the void. Wave equations for the electric and magnetic fields; unification of electromagnetism and optics. Poynting’s Theorem. Hertz experiment.
6. Electric circuits: transition regimes and stationary regimes in different types of circuits; oscillating circuits; analysis of circuits with alternating voltage sources.
General Physics I, general Physics II;
Mathematical Analysis I, Mathematical Analysis II.
|total of teaching hours||75|
|Laboratory or field work||15 %|
|Mini tests||20 %|
BRITO, L.; FIOLHAIS, M. & PROVIDÊNCIA, C. Ed. (1999). Campo Electromagnético. McGraw-Hill de Portugal.
GRIFFITHS, D. J. (1999). Introduction to Electrodynamics. 3rd ed. Prentice Hall International, Inc.
WANGSNESS, R. K. (1979). Electromagnetic Fields. 2nd ed. N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons.
Apontamentos do MIT, http://web.mit.edu/8.02t/www/, Liao et al.
Classes for presentation of the essential concepts with the reflection on the way these concepts were established. Classes for discussion/resolution of problems in which the approached concepts will be linked to practical situations, orders of magnitude, estimates on the physical quantities that are specific of electromagnetism field. Laboratory classes in which small experiments will be carried out to illustrate some essential concepts of electromagnetism. Support to students’ individual work so that they can develop a work of information collection, analysis of that information and elaboration of their own notes on the subjects approached in this curricular unit.