Waves and Optics - F+EF+EB+mnrF

Ano letivo: 2018-2019
Specification sheet

Specific details
course codecycle os studiesacademic semestercredits ECTSteaching language

Learning goals
Training objectives:
A- Establish matrix theory to analyze actual optical systems and understand the limitations of these systems.
B- Understand the propagation and interference of electromagnetic waves in various media and learn to analyze the refraction and reflection of waves between two distinct media;
C- Understand the interferometric techniques and their applications.
D- Understand the Fraunhofer diffraction and Fresnel diffraction and their essential aspects.
E- Learn the basics of fiber optics, lasers and holograms.

Generic skills: Competence in analysis and synthesis; Competence in oral and written communication; Computer skills related to the scope of the study; Competence to solve problems; Competence in critical reasoning; Ethical commitment; Adaptability to new situations; Creativity; Concern with quality; Competency in self-criticism and self-evaluation.
1. Geometrical Optics: thick lenses; matrix analysis of optical systems; the theory of Seidel aberrations ; computational analysis of optical systems.
2. Waves: 1, 2 and 3D progressive waves ; superposition of waves; 2D and 3D standing waves; wave packets; group velocity.
3. Electromagnetic waves: dispersive optical media; polarization of light; birefringence; Fresnel equations.
4. Interference and Interferometry: dielectric films; interference by multiple reflection; Michelson interferometer;
5. Fraunhofer diffraction and Fresnel Diffraction.
6. Fiber optics, lasers and holography: analysis of the physical concept and applications.
Algebra, Mathematical Analysis, General Physics, Electromagnetism
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis;
. Competence to solve problems;
. Critical thinking;
. Ethical commitment;
. Creativity;
. Competence in oral and written communication;
. Computer Skills for the scope of the study;
. Adaptability to new situations;
. Quality concerns;
. Self-criticism and self-evaluation;
(by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
laboratory classes45
total of teaching hours75

Sseminar or study visit- %
Laboratory or field work20 %
Problem solving- %
Synthesis work thesis- %
Project- %
Research work- %
Mini tests- %
Assessment Tests80 %
Exam- %
Other- %
- %
- %

Bibliography of reference
1. E. Hecht, Óptica, Ed. C. Gulbenkian;

2. F. L. Pedrotti, L. S. Pedrotti, Introduction to Optics, 1992;

3. M. Ferreira, Óptica e Fotónica, Lidel, 2003;

4. A. P. French, Vibrations and Waves

5. Física Experimental: uma introdução, C. Abreu et al.,
Teaching method
1- Lectures with exposure of concepts and fundamental theories, and discussion of practical applications of these concepts.
2- Problem solving classes with typical examples of the subjects under study;
3- Laboratory classes.
Resources used
Laboratório de óptica/fotónica bem equipado.