It is intended that students acquire skills in the use of global navigation and positioning systems
applied to solving problems from different areas, including cartography, cadastre, environmental monitoring and land use planning. The studies of Spatial Positioning Systems are thought taking into account the various methods positioning and navigation. In this sense, further study will be made of Spatial Positioning Systems, taking into account the various methods positioning and navigation. Observation and data processing techniques will be discussed according to the aims of the course, either on theoretical and on practical classes. It is intended that students know the particulars of application systems based on positioning services, alone or integrated with other sensors, for applications such as fleet control or emergency services.
History, Evolution and Prospects of Positioning and Navigation Systems
- Positioning and Global Navigation Systems (GPS, Galileo, GLONASS).
- Instrumentation and sensors for positioning and satellite navigation.
The Global Positioning System (GPS)
- Positioning Modes
- Sources of error.
- Data processing strategies.
Kinematic Positioning in Real Time (RTK)
- Mathematical models of differential corrections.
- Modeling errors.
- Methods and phase corrections formats and code.
- Integrity, reliability, continuity and availability.
- Systems Architecture Location Based (LBS).
- Mapping for navigation systems.
- Integrated sensors.
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in organization and planning; . Computer Skills for the scope of the study; . Competence to solve problems; . Critical thinking; . Quality concerns; . Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Using the internet as a communication medium and information source; . Competence for working in group; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Research skills; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Bibliography of reference
A. Oliveira, Navegação Astronómica para os Patrões de Alto Mar, Arte Mágina Ed., 2003
R. M. Green, Spherical Astronomy, Cambridge University Press, 1985
D. Santos Loff, Mecânica Celeste, Departamento de Matemática da UC, 2012
HOFMANN-WELLENHOF, B., LICHTENEGGER, H. & COLLINS, J.,2001. GPS Theory and Practice. Springer-Verlag, Vienna New York, 5th ed.
E. Kaplan and C. Hegarty Editors, Understanding GPS: Principles and Applications, 2nd Edition, Artech House, 2005
Strang and Borre, Linear Algebra, Geodesy, and GPS, 1997
Grewal, M., Weill, L., Andrews, A.,2001. Global positioning systems, inertial navigation, and integration. John Wiley, New York.
Leick, A., 2004. GPS satellite surveying. John Wiley, Hoboken.
Biezad, D., 1999, Integrated navigation and guidance systems. Reston, VA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Austronautics.
Jekeli, C., 2001, Inertial navigation systems with geodetic applications. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.
The fundamental theoretical concepts are presented in the lectures, that will be
accompanied by the resolution of practical problems, as well as the use of
equipment and software of global positioning systems by satellite.
Students are expected to put into practice the knowledge acquired.
Laboratório de informática. Sistema de Posicionamento e Navegação (receptores e software de processamento de dados).