Understand the techniques related to image formation and visualization by ultrasounds. Medical applications.
Understanding ultrasound. Concept of piezoelectricity. Materials used in the generation of ultrasound. Fields of application. Selection of probes: choice of materials and construction aspects.
Physical quantities associated with ultrasound: Wave equation. Concept of acoustic impedance. Propagation in media with interfaces. Conversion modes. Characterization of ultrasonic transducers: Near field and far field concept. Radiation diagrams. Aperture angle. Array of transducers concept. Mechanical and electronic beam focusing. Project of an array. Electronic focusing and beam tilt. The notion of delay lines. Ultrasonic visualization techniques: A-scan, B-scan and C-scan display. Diagram of echoes. Fields of application of each display type .Potential of each display .Simple ways of implementation. Information contained in each display type.
Generic training in engineering.
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Competence in organization and planning; . Competence to solve problems; . Critical thinking; . Research skills; . Competence in understanding the language of other specialists; . Adaptability to new situations; . Creativity; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Laboratory or field work
Synthesis work thesis
assessment implementation in 20142015 Assessment Laboratory work or Field work: 20.0% Exam: 30.0% Field work: 50.0%
Bibliography of reference
Krautkramer, J.; Krautkramer, H. Ultrasonic Testing of Materials, 4th Edition (1990), Springer