Competences of Central Importance:
Theoretical understanding of physical phenomena.
Ability to solve problems.
Experimental and laboratorial abilities.
Thorough general culture in Physics.
Competences of secondary importance:
Deep and autonomous learning ability.
Ability to search and use bibliography.
Knowledge of informatics to be used in the study of the field.
Generic competences to be achieved:
Competences in analysis and synthesis.
Competences in oral and written communication.
Competences in group work.
Competences to communicate with non-specialists in this field.
Competences in autonomous learning
Competences to apply the theoretical knowledge in practice.
1. Crystal structure of solids: description of the unit cell; symmetry elements and operations; Miller indices and fractional coordinates.
2. X-Ray, neutron and electron diffraction: Bragg's law and Laue equations. Atomic scattering factor and structure factor.
3. Imperfections (defects) in solids.
4. Dynamics of crystal lattices: vibration modes and dispersion relations.
5. Thermal properties of solids: models to calculate the specific heat, thermal conductivity; thermal expansion of the crystal lattice.
6. Electrons in solids: Drude and Sommerfeld models.Bloch electrons. Band structure of solids. Metals, semiconductors and insulators.
7. Introduction to semiconductors.
8. Elements of magnetism in solids. Dia and paramagnetic susceptibilities. Examples of ferro, antiferro and ferrimagnetic structures. Exchange interaction. Types of exchange interactions.Magnetic domains and hysteresis cycle.
Mathematical Analysis I and II; General Physics I and II; Fundamentals of Modern Physics; Quantum Mechanics
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Competence in oral and written communication; . Competence to solve problems; . Critical thinking; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Computer Skills for the scope of the study; . Competence for working in group; . Competence to communicate with people who are not experts in the field; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Sseminar or study visit
Laboratory or field work
Synthesis work thesis
Duas frequências que substituem o exame final - 75/Two midterm exams that can substitute the final exam - total 75 %
assessment implementation in 20202021 Assessment Mini Tests: 15.0% Laboratory work or Field work: 20.0% Exam: 65.0%
Bibliography of reference
Apontamentos da disciplina - M. Margarida R. R. Costa e Lourdes C. R. Andrade
Omar, M. A. (1975). Elementary Solid State Physics. Addison Wesley Publishing Co. ISBN 0-201-05482-5.
Kittel, Charles. (1971). Introduction to Solid State Physics. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-49021-0
Ashcroft, N. W. & Mermin, N. D. (1986). Solid State Physics. Holt, Rinrhartand Winston. ISBN 0-03-083993-9
Blundell, S. (2001). Magnetism in Condensed Matter. Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850591-4
Topics of the syllabus are developed in lectures; participation of students is encouraged to develop their critical thinking and ability to understand and relate concepts. Students will be asked to solve proposed problems during practical classes, aiming at clarifying their ideas and uncertainties through the dialogue with olleagues and with the teacher. Pre defined laboratory work, will be performed in groups of 2-3 students. These are encouraged to keep an updates 'logbook'; group reports of the experiments performed are required