I ? Principles of thermodynamics: 1. Basic concepts. 2. First law, thermal coefficients and heat capacities, phase transitions. 3. Second law, entropy, thermodynamic potentials and equilibrium conditions. 4. Third law.
II ? Thermal Energy Transfer: 1. General introduction to the transfer processes: basic definitions, general flow balance equation; heat transfer mechanisms. 2. Heat conduction: Fourier law and flow balance; heat generation; non-steady state. 3. Natural and forced convection; convection coefficients. 4. Heat exchangers: types of exchangers; transferred heat between fluids. 5. Radiation: black body, gray body, shape factor, transferred heat between two bodies.
III ? Mass transfer: 1. Fundamentals of diffusion in gases and liquids. 2. Mass transfer coefficients. 3. Simultaneous heat and mass transfer.
Bibliography of reference
- Mark W. Zemansky, Richard H. Dittman, Calor e Termodinâmica (Heat and Thermodynamics), McGraw-Hill.
- Julio Güémez, Carlos Fiolhais, Manuel Fiolhais, Fundamentos de Termodinâmica do Equilíbrio, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1998.
- Arthur T. Johnson, Biological Process Engineering: An Analogical Approach to Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer Applied to Biological Systems, John Wiley Sons, 1999.