1.1. Electric properties of the cell
1.2. Electric field and electric potential
1.3. Charge distribution in a resting cell
1.4. Passive transmission of an electric signal in a nerve cell
1.5. Non-linear electric response of an excitable cell
1.6. Measurement of extra-cellular potentials
1.7. Physiological effects of an external current
2.1. Magnetic induction field.
2.2. Magnetic fields associated with the electric activity of heart, brain and nerve fibers
2.3. Measurement of magnetic susceptibility in physiological systems.
3. Electromagnetic radiation
3.1. Laws of Faraday and Lenz
3.2. Maxwell equations in vacuum
3.3. Production and detection of electromagnetic waves
3.4. Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation
4. Electric circuits: transient response in different circuits types
Bibliography of reference
+ Campo Electromagnético, L. Brito, M. Fiolhais e C. Providência, Ed. McGraw-Hill de Portugal, 1999.
+ Electromagnetic Fields, R. K. Wangsness, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, N.Y., 1979.
+ Intermediate Physics for Medicine and Biology, R. K. Hobbie, 3rd ed., Springer-Verlag, N.Y., 1997.
+ Introduction to Electrodynamics, D. J. Griffiths, 3rd ed., Prentice Hall International, Inc., 1999.
+ Physics With Illustrative Examples From Medicine and Biology Electricity and Magnetism, G. B. Benedek e F. M. H. Villars, 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, N. Y. Inc., 2000.